OCCULT DICTIONARY


A YEAR AND A DAY - An expression of time that is used in Wicca. It is based on the comparison between the Lunar Year (364 days) and the Solar Year (365 days). Traditionally, the time between Initiations or the length of time of a 'contract'. For example, many Handfastings last for a year and a day and are renewed yearly unless the couple Handpart. Also, it is traditional to wait a year and a day between asking for Initiation and actually being Initiated.

ABRACADABRA - A word from the Jewish mystical tradition of Qabala. Its root is the name of the Gnostic deity Abraxas, meaning "hurt me not". It is said to possess magickal powers, especially of protection from illness.

ABSENT HEALING - The ability to heal a person without their being present.

ADEPT - An individual who through serious study and accomplishments is considered highly proficient in a particular magickal system. A person can be an adept at Egyptian magickal practices, but a total failure at practical kitchen magick.

AEROMANCY - Divination by the air.

AFTERWORLD - Any of the many concepts of what happens when a person dies. The Wiccan Summerland is the one appropriate to this work.

AKA - The cord between the astral body and the physical body, most likely this concept is derived from the biblical reference to a "silver cord" connected the body and the soul.

AKASHA - the spiritual ether (or Aether); the omnipresent fifth occult element which embraces the other four- earth, air, fire, and water; and from which they stem. This is the realm of "pattern" or causality, from which the realm the normally thought of "five senses manifests. Some define it is the "other" of the "two worlds" that the witch or magician walks between.

ALCHEMIST - One who practices alchemy.

ALCHEMY - A system of magick that seeks two primary goals, the elixir of life that gives immortality and the philosophers stone that transforms materials to gold. Alchemy is the father of chemistry. Modern alchemists tend to emphasise the transformation of the soul/self into a higher being.

ALECTRYOMANCY - Divination by cocks or other poultry. This is not to be confused with priapomancy which is divination by the size and shape of the penis.

ALEXANDRIAN - That tradition of Witchcraft descended from the teachings of Alex Sanders.

ALIGNMENT - Synchronization of mental and spiritual vibrations with a god, goddess, or astronomical body. Often the complete balance and centering of the chakras is called an alignment.

ALL FATHER - (Eclectic) The Horned God. Probably taken from asatru who calles their primary god, Odin, the All Father.

ALL HEAL - (viscum album). Mistletoe. So named by the druids for it's medical properties. Modern people should remember that mistletoe is toxic and should never be ingested even though many old lust and love potions require the use of mistletoe berries.
Mistletoe is ideally harvested on Yule with a golden sickle by a virgin or Priest and NEVER allowed to touch the ground. A white cloth under the tree works nicely. It is then tied with a red string or ribbon and placed over the bed or Altar as a lust charm. Christians kiss under mistletoe, pagans fuck. Beware the Witch who sets mistletoe into their belt buckle.

ALL HALLOWS - See Samhain.

ALL HALLOWS EVE - See Samhain.

ALL MOTHER - (Eclectic) The Goddess.

ALMADEL - (Ceremonial magick) A talisman fashioned from white wax and inscribed with various sigils and names of angels.

ALN - A measurement from the elbow to the tip of your index finger with your arm bent at a 90 degree angle. About 18". The Wand is traditionally one aln in length. See ell and cubit. See also measurements.

ALPHA - That condition where the mind slows and magick and psychics become possible. The brain cycles at about 8 - 12 cycles per second while in alpha.

ALPHITOMANCY - Divination by meal, flour or bran.

ALRAUN - A magickal talisman that is made from Rowan wood though one referance says that it is made from mandrake or bryony. The Alraun is generally human shaped and must be dressed and fed and treated with respect. If so, it will protect your home, if not it will bring bad luck. The name Alraun comes from the name of the Germanic sorceresss called Alrunes (or All Runes) and so it may be a Saxon charm that was adopted by Witches.

ALTAR - A special, flat surface set aside exclusively for magickal workings or religious acknowledgment.

ANAPHRODISIAC - Any herb or herbal mixture that reduces sexual desire or ability. The military and various boys schools use salt peter as an anaphrodisiac which they used to hide in the mashed potatos. The opposite of aphrodisiac.

ANATHEMA - A curse or condemnation placed upon another Witch. A Witch who has betrayed the Craft or their vows but not to the christians and therefore is not a warlock.

ANGEL - A demi-god that is considered to be good. Compare with demon. See complements.

ANIMA - The feminine part of a man's unconscious.

ANIMISM - The belief that all natural phenomena such as water, trees, rocks, etc are alive and have a soul and/or a deva and/or a god in control.

ANIMUS - The masculine part of a woman's unconscious.

ANKH - The Egyptian symbol of life. The symbol represents the male ( T ) and the female ( o ) and is often worn by Witches as an affirmation of the basic pro- life/nature aspect of Wicca and as a symbol of their religion when they cannot safely wear a Pentacle..

ANKH-KA - The Egyptian symbol for 'soul life . It is sometimes used by Witches to represent the Great Rite.

ANOINT - To purify in a Wiccan Ritual by rubbing with blessed oil or holy salt-water or a number of other specific materials. It can be done to an object or a person.
One can anoint a person in two different ways depending on if you want to purify them or do magick with them.

ANTINOPOMANCY - (Roman) Divination by the entrails of women and children. This is NOT a Wiccan practice but was used by the Romans. I am unaware of the name for divination by the entrails of men and politicians.

APHRODITE - Originally a Goddess from the eastern Mediterranian region, Her original aspects were those of love and sex and fertility similar to the Maiden aspect of the Goddess. She was free from entanglements and did as She desired. However, as Her worship moved westward into Greece, the patriarchial Greeks who had replaced the Goddess centered Titan worship with the God centered Olympian religion couldn't accept a goddess who was free. So they married her to the crippled god, Hephaestus, in an effort to slow her down. Her original worship was designed to encourage women to freedom and independence so the Greeks tried to convert that into a promiscious adultry in an effort to keep their women in the harem.
Remember that the Greeks believed that if a woman was not kept pregnant, her uterus would break free, migrate up and strangle her heart. They also believed that homosexuality was good but lesbianism was evil.

APOLLONIAN - An obscure and possibly outdated term that refers to those religions that are highly organized, structured and hierarchical with little or no free thinking allowed. Christianity is an appollonian religion. Compare with Dionysian.

APPARITION - A ghost or spirit or vision.

APPRENTICE - A person who is studying with a master of a subject. Generally in Magick or Wicca, it refers to a particularly close relationship where the apprentice does menial chores to pay for the teachings, in many of which are hidden the lessons that the master wishes the chores to be done. I had one student, who filed papers for a living, run her finger down the cover of the closed file and stop at random. She would then open the file to see if her finger had stopped at the next blank line in the index.
I have had a number of people ask to study under me in this fashion but none actually were willing to do the exercises, much less the written homework.

ARCANE - Refers to any secret and occult knowledge.

ARADIA - Daughter of the Goddess Diana, and a name for the Goddess used by Italian Witches or Strega, commonly used in many Wiccan traditions today.

ARCHTYPES - Symbolic imagery seen in visions, dreams, meditation, and mind quests. Used to interpret the meaning of the vision thereby betting understanding and communicating with the subconscious.

ARITHMANCY - Divination by numbers.

ARTHURIAN TRADITION - A Welsh tradition of paganism based on the lore of King Arthur (the "Once and Future King"), Merlin the Magician, and Guinevere.

ARROW POSITION - A Ritual stance in Wicca where one's feet are together and the arms are raised above the head with the palms touching. It is not so much as a position as a transition from one position into another.

ART, THE - (Gardnerian) Magickal practices conducted by the superconscious using intuitive and automatic abilities. Also a term for the technical aspects of magick within the frame of Wicca.

ART AND CRAFT - The term for Wicca in Goddess Religion.

AS ABOVE, SO BELOW - (Gardnerian) A method of explaining the interaction between the Gods and humanity, the compact between us and the idea that even the Gods must follow the Laws of Nature. Thus, whatever happens on the Divine Plane, also is reflected upon the Material Plane. This is very important to Wicca and magick.

ASPECTING - Any advanced magickal activity in which a practitioner manifests a particular aspect of the Goddess or God, in thought, feelings, behavior, appearance, etc.; Often as a direct result of a "Drawing Down". Often a minor variation of this phenomena occurs with the selection of a "Magical Name", of Craft Name.

ASPECTS - Forms, facets, or personas of Deity: for example, Brighid, Iseult,Eos, and Kore are all aspects of the Maiden, and the Maiden is an aspect of the Goddess.

ASPERGILLUM - A Ritual 'sprinkler' used in Wicca and many other religions for charging or to scatter holy water about in blessing. In Wicca it is often made of herbs or twigs.

ASPERGE - To sprinkle with an Aspergillum in order to purify someone or something.

ASPERGER - A common term for a tool used to asperge. The proper term is aspergillum.

ASTAROTH - A Jewish demon derived from the Goddess Ishtar and Astarte whom the Israelites hated. It is said that the gods of the old religion become the devils of the new religion.

ASTARTE - (Phoenicia) A fertility Goddess and a latter version of the Sumerian Ishtar. She is an excellent example of the phrase, "the gods of the old religion become the demons of the new." As Ishtar, She was a supreme and vital Goddess. As Astarte, She became a less important but still vital fertility Goddess, and under the latter Israelites She was demoted from the wife of jehova to the male demon of lust ashtoroth.

ASTRAGALOMANCY - Divination by dice.

ASTRAL - (SR) This word conjures lots of definitions. To keep it simple, let's describe it as another dimension of reality. Referred to as "dreamtime". This reference is from the Australian Aboriginal people and their teachings, which are well worth further study.

ASTRAL BLEEDING - An involuntary loss of astral 'matter', generally from the solar plexis. This is dangerous and should be fixed asap.

ASTRAL BODY - The psychic 'double' of the body weighing about 1/8 oz. It is capable of passing through any matter and teleporting anywhere instantly. Also called the astral vehicle.

ASTRAL TRAVEL/PROJECTION - The process of separating your astral body from your physical one to accomplish travel in the astral plane or dreamtime.

ASTROMANCY - To divine through the use of stars.

ATHAME - black handled, double edged dagger. Principally used to cast and dissolve the circle, for which purposes it is interchangeable with the magic sword. A tool of the "Element" of Fire in the Georgian Tradition and some others.

ATTUNEMENT - The action of a group balancine their personal energies and needs to become one with the group. Properly done, it enables the group to raise more power than any individual an possibly match. Done improperly, it reduces the power of the group to less than one person.

AUGURY - Divination by the interpretation of omens or chance phenomena.

AURA-- The energy field that surrounds every object in the universe. In people it can be used to influence or cure physical problems. One of the basic things that Traditional Witches are required to learn is how to see the Aura. I personally find it easier to teach how to feel the Aura first, then when the student has confidence in themselves and the existance of the Aura, I move on the seeing. One of the best teaching devices that I have found for learning how to see the Aura is not the standard cyan light bulb but rather those new computer generated 3-D posters that have recently been placed on the market. The colors of the Aura relate to the medical and physical condition of the person, but, unfortunately, there has been little hard research work in this area and so few people can agree completely on meanings of the colors. Thus, within a broad perameter, the color and meanings are open to individual interpretation.

AVALON - The Celtic Land of the Blessed, similar to paradise. It means the Island of Apples and is where King Arthur was taken at death to await until he could be returned to England when needed. Some traditions of Wicca use it to refer to a form of Paradise similar to the Celtic Sidhe or the Summerland.

AVATAR - Someone who has 'evolved' to such an extent that they have no more need to incarnate on earth in a physical body. They do, however, return to earth to teach.

AXINOMANCY - Divination by saws.

BALEFIRE - A fire laid and lit for magical or religious purposes, usually outdoors. Physically similar to the non-magical non-religious bonfire.

BANE - That which is harmful, destructive or evil.

BANISH - To make go away, To magically end something or exorcise unwanted entities. To rid the presence of, to cast out ,etc.

B.C.E - Before Common Era, non-christian version of B.C.

BELL - A Wiccan Tool. Considered to be the voice of the Goddess and therefore used during invocations, exorcisms and purifications. It often represents the union of the Goddess (the bell) and the God (the clapper) and is a strong purifier.

BELL, BOOK AND CANDLE - Refers to the closing act of exorcism "ring the bell, close the book and snuff the candle." It is used by some Witches to indicate the closing of a ritual.

BELTANE - May Eve festival. One of the Ancient Celtic "Fire Festivals." on this night, the cattle were driven between two bonfires to protect them from disease. Couples wishing for fertility would " jump the fires" on Beltane night. Also the traditional Sabbath where the rule of the "Wheel of the Year" is returned to the Goddess. This Festival also marks the transition point of the threefold Goddess energies from those of Maiden to Mother.

BESOM - The witches' broomstick. Often used to sweep away negative energies from a space before casting a circle there.

BETA - That condition that exists when the mind is active and intense concentration occurs. It is characterized by the mind operating at 12-60 cps. I always hope that my Coveners and students are in beta when classes are held then I hope that they switch to alpha during magick and ritual.

BETWEEN THE WORLDS - The place that you travel when inside the Magick Circle. It is neither wholly of the Material Plane or the Divine Plane, but 'between' both.

BEWITCH - Fascinate.

BEWITCHMENT - Fascinate.

BEYOND THE VEIL - A way of referring to death by those who wish to avoid the 'D' word. One Law of Magick states that if you mention a name, that entity will answer. Thus, this is a way to avoid Death answering His call.

BI-LOCATION - This is an interesting practice. You use a type of astral projection to travel in everyday reality by retaining the capability to be aware of your present surroundings. Synonymous terms are Over-looking and mind-travel.

BIND - To prevent or limit. in the magickal context the act of limiting a spell (ie: to ensure it will harm none) or person (ie: to prevent them from harming others). Some consider it unethical to bind people other than yourself or spells you did not cast.

BINDRUNE - (Norse) Two or more Runes that are placed on a talisman or house for protection or another magickal goal. Often these runes overlapped or were set into an artistic design.

BLACK ARTS - (xian) A term incorrectly used to refer to any of the methaphysical sciences.

BLACK BOOK - The original term in Witchcraft for the Book of Shadows (which was introduced by Gardner in 1949). It is the vogue for insecure people trying to con others (like the guy who broke up my marriage) by claiming to belong to an 800 year old family tradition of witchcraft. These people always refer to possessing an 800-year-old Book of Shadows which shows that they are liers.

BLACK MAGICK - Magick that is meant to cause harm or evil.
I personally never use the term as I find it to be racist. I agree with the Martello argument that if you label evil magick as 'black', you are placing an evil connotation on a color that will inevetably extend over into other areas. If black magick is evil and the old western villin wears a black hat, can we not also infer that anything black is evil? And by implication, the black man is also evil? Magick and Witches work in the subconscious so I dislike this term and prefer to use the term 'Baleful Magick', 'baneful magick' or 'evil magick' instead.

BLACK MASS - (xian) Originally any mass done by the catholic church in France for the purpose of doing magick in opposition to king or 'official' church policy. It was invented by the priest to one of the mistresses of King Phillip to ensure that he wouldn't dump her in favor of a younger woman.
By the 17th century, sacrifices were added with the priest baptising the baby to ensure that it would go to heaven and carry the message to god. Eventually, it came to be considered a reversal of a christian service. Only christians can do a black mass.

BLESSED BE - The traditional greeting, parting and blessing used by Witches.

BLESSING - The act of conferring energy upon a person or object so as to do good.

BLOOD OF THE MOON - A woman's menstrual cycle. If this cycle occurs over a Full or New Moon (and you can arrange that) she is far more powerful than during any other time of the month, as long as she acknowledges this strength within herself. For too many years women have been told that they must regard their cycle with an unkind eye, calling it a curse when actually it is a boon. Society has so dictated this to them that many feel weak, tired and disoriented because they are supposed to. Wrong. If you can rearrange your thinking on this matter, the Blood of the Moon can pack a powerful wallop for you. if you feel spacy, try grounding.

BLUE MOON - Full moons occur every 28 days. If the Full Moon occurs on or near the first of the month, then around the 28th of that month there will be a second Full Moon. It is this second Full moon in a calendar month that is called the Blue Moon. This happens every dozen years or so and so is a rare event. Thus the expression "Once in a blue moon" refers to something that happens very rarely.

BODKIN -  An instrunent of torture resembling an ice pick with a double curve in the middle. The idea was that when the 'witch' sold their soul to the xian devil, that entity kissed them somewhere on their body. Said place then became insensitive and unable to bleed, thus giving proof of the pact. It was used by the inquisitor stripping the 'suspect.' naked and tieing them to a post or ring in the roof. The bodkin was then plunged into the 'suspect' up to the bent part. If the 'suspect screamed or bled, it indicated that this was not the spot and the inquisitor moved over an inch and stabbed again. This continued until the 'suspect' could no longer bleed or scream at which point the 'devils mark' was said to be found and guilt was established. Favorite spots for pricking were the breasts and genitals and any scar, mole or birthmark that could be found. A confession given after being pricked like this was said to have been given 'without torture'. Perverts love to prick their suspects.

BOGGLE-- To confuse the mind by magick.

BOLINE - A Wiccan ritual knife used for more practical purposes, such as cutting herbs, etc. *never* to draw blood. Generally white handled with a curved blade. compare: Athame.

BONFIRE - A ritual fire used in many Wiccan Rituals for a number of reasons. At Yule it was built to give strength to the new-born Sun-God, at Imbolc it was for purification, at Beltane it was for Fertility and at Litha it was to heal the wounded Sun-God. In all cases the fire was jumped by the Coven for strength, luck, fertility, etc. Traditionally, the Bonfire was made of either three, seven or nine woods chosen for their coorespondences and the reason for the fire.  Some bonfires are small and if made indoors, are generally built within a small Cauldron. Others are quite large and difficult to jump. At one Grand Sabbat at Litha, we made a bonfire so large that only a few people like myself were able or willing to attempt to jump it. In this case, we made it in the shape of an oval for those who could not broad/high jump a fire 4 feet across and 'x' feet high. The more sensible people contented themselves with jumping the smaller section. Anyone who has jumped a bonfire knows why Traditional Witches worship Skyclad.

BOOK OF SHADOWS - Traditionally hand copied book of rituals, recipes, training techniques, guidelines, and other materials deemed important to a Witch or a coven. Each tradition has it's own standard version of the Book and each Witch's book will be different as he or she adds to it with time from many different sources. Only another Witch can see your book of shadows. Also, traditionally, it may never leave your hands or possession until death, when it should be destroyed, or (in some traditions) returned to the coven to be disposed of.

BOOMERANG EFFECT - The Three-fold Law in practice. It means that a reletively weak defence will cause a reletively strong spell to rebound and return to strike the sender with greater effect. The action of a spell striking a magickal defence and then rebounding back to the sender with three-fold strength. See Three-Fold law.

BOTANOMANCY - To divine the future through the use of herbs.

BRACELET - A Wiccan Tool. The Metal band worn on the left wrist and bigraved with the Witches Name and Degree. The men wear one of gold ( brass or copper for those of limited financial assets) and the women wear one of silver. It is designed to allow for free energy flow along the meridians and is bigraved with the owner's name and rank.

BRIGIT, SAINT - The Great Mother Goddess of the Witches in Ireland. Patrick couldn't destroy Her or discredit Her so he invented a saint with Her name to steal Her worship as was common in those days. Refer to Abbot Melitius for details.

BROOM/BESOM - A Wiccan Tool that is symbolic of the female principle and the hearth. There are many uses for the Broom. In Olden Days it was a walking stick, a weapon to defend the woman who was walking in the woods, and Witches even jumped the Broom during their Handfastings. They were also ridden as a hobby horse in the spring and summer as a spell to make the crops grow higher and better. Christians misunderstood this magickal spell and labelled it as Witches flying through the air on their Brooms. Of course, everyone knows that that is rediculous. Without a tail and rudders, the Broom has no lateral or vertical stability and riding upon the shaft is somewhat uncomfortable which is why old Brooms had a phallic tip. Most old brooms had a round brush instead of the modern flat one and were usually made of specific materials.

BRUJA - (Mexican) A Mexican magickian who curses. This has been incorrectly translated as 'witch' but the two are nothing alike.

BUBASTIS - (Egypt) A city in Egypt which is the center for the worship of Bast, the cat-Goddess. Bast is the beloved of Witches, most of whom love cats, and by anyone who is bothered by rats.

BUCKET - A measurement between the thumb and little finger with the fingers spread. It is about 8 inches. See spann and measurements.

BULL GOD - (Wiccan) That aspect of the Horned God which was worshipped in areas where the wild Bull was the primary meat source.
In some traditions of Wicca such as the Welsh Trads, the Bull and Stag are different aspects of the same Horned God and they fight themselves/each other on the Solstices to symbolize the Turning of the Wheel/year. See Goat God and Stag God.

BURIN - An awl with a short point used to bigrave signs on talismans and jewelry.

BURNING TIMES - a term used by some Witches for the period of persecution in the Middle Ages and later. It is in fact a misnomer in some places, as Witches were only burned in Scotland, and on the continent of Europe. In England and the U.S., they were hanged.

CABALA - Also seen as Kabbala, Kabbalah and Qabala. The ancient Hebrew magickal system.

CAIRN - A Gaelic term that refers to a pile of stones made by a farmer when he is preparing his field for planting. They were made because Ireland is so rocky that they had to do something with the rocks.
In ancient times, they were piles of stones that had been heaped over a burial and had some religious significance such as a grave or to mark a holy spot or even a boundary marker.

CAKES AND ALE/WINE - (Wicca) The small feast of wine and food with which most Wiccan rituals end. It uses blessed food and drink which are generally pot-luck and vegetarian and shared between the end of the ritual and the closing of the Circle.
Fundamentalist xians never tire of confusing Cakes and Wine with the black mass, which is a purely christian concept. Also Cakes and Ale.

CALL - Invoking Divine Forces.

CALLING DOWN THE MOON/SUN - (Italian) See Drawing Down the Moon/Sun.

CALLING THE QUARTERS - The action of evoking the Lords of the Watchtowers of the Four Quarters to come to witness and protect that ritual. In Traditional Wica, this is a vital part of the ritual and must be done properly or dire actions may result.

CANDLE - That fire tool which is used in a ritual or spell for any of a number of reasons.
    1. Altar Candles are placed on the Altar and represent the God and Goddess and allow you to see what you are doing.
    2. Offeratory candles which are used in magick to represent a specific goal.
    3. Circle candles are placed about the boundary of the Circle to represent the Four Elements and so are specifically colored.
    4. Astral or object candles to represent the person or target in a spell.

CANDLE MAGICK - The use of differently colored candles in a magickal spell to achieve a specific goal. Candle magick is the most popular form of magick used by Witches. There are a number of charts made as referances in candle magick.

CANDLEMAS - Festival held on Feb. 1. One of the 4 Celtic "Fire Festivals. Commemorates the changing of the Goddess from the Crone to the Maiden. Celebrates the first signs of Spring. Also called "Imbolc" (the old Celtic name). This is the seasonal change where the first signs of spring and the return of the sun are noted, i.e. the first sprouting of leaves, the sprouting of the Crocus flowers etc. In other words, it is the festival commemorating the successful passing of winter and the beginning of the agricultural year.This Festival also marks the transition point of the threefold Goddess energies from those of Crone to Maiden.

CAPNOMANCY-- Divination by smoke.

CARDINAL POINTS - North, South, East, and West, marked in the Georgian Tradition by candles of green, red, yellow, and blue, respectively. The Circle is drawn to connect these four points.

CARDINAL POINTS - North, South, East, and West, marked in the Georgian Tradition by candles of green, red, yellow, and blue, respectively. The Circle is drawn to connect these four points.

CARROMANCY - Divination by melting wax.

CATHARSIS - The release of magickal energies at the height or climax of a ritual. Essentially the use of energy at the catharsis is the crux of the rite, determining whether its outcome will be successful or not.

CASTING - To divine by tossing stones, twigs, coins or such onto the ground and interpreting the results. Rune stones are cast as well as i ching stalks and coins.

CASTING THE CIRCLE - The act of ritually building the Wiccan Temple. Although each Tradition does it differently, there are rules that if followed, will provide a stronger and safer temple.

CATCHER - Summoner.

CATOXTROMANCY - Divination by looking glasses.

CATTABOMANCY - Divination by vessels of brass or other metals.

CAULDRON - A favorite tool of witches, this three-legged cooking pot has many uses. It may be used to cook potions, for scrying, and as a censer. On an altar, the sauldron symbolizes the Goddess.

C.E. - Common Era, non-christian version of A.D.

CENSE - To bless and purify by means of a Censer.

CENSER - A Wiccan Tool. An incense burner that is usually hung from a chain. In it's simplest form, it is a shallow bowl filled with sand. Censers represent Air even though they do contain fire. Refer to thurible.

CENTERING - The act or non-action of turning your mind within and ignoring the external world.

CEPHALONOMANCY - Divination by broiling of an ass's head. Again, this is not done by Wiccans.

CEREMONIAL MAGICK - A Complex form of magick developed by jews and christians. It usually has as its goal unification of the magickian with his god.

CERNUNNOS - The Latin name for The Horned God of the Witches. His image can be found all over Eurasia from Mojo Domo in India to the Altar found beneath Notre Dame cathedral to the Gunderstrup Cauldron in Denmark to Val Camonica in Italy. He is generally shown with antlers, cloven hooves and an erect penis and often accompanied by the ram-horned serpent. He is a God of hunting (provider), death (caretaker) and lust (sustainer). Also Kernunnos.

CERRIDWEN - (Celt) One of the Welsh Mother/Crone Goddesses who was accompanied by her sacred pigs (an unusually intelligent animal).

CHAKRAS - Seven major energy vortexes found in the human body. Each is usually associated with a color. These vortexes are: crown - white; forehead (third eye position) - purple; throat - blue; chest - pink or green; navel - yellow; abdomen - orange; groin - red. Smaller vortexes are located in the hands and feet, as well.

CHALICE - one of the tools of the Witch. Placed on the altar to represent the element of Water.

CHANGELING - In Celtic and Irish lore, a fairy who was given to a family in exchange for a human child. Modern Irish myths state that this was always evil but ancient indications show that there were a number of benevolent and profitable reasons for this fostering.

CHANNELING - New Age practice wherein you allow a disincarnate entity to "borrow" your body to speak to others either through automatic writing or verbally.

CHANT - A set of words or sounds that are repeated to raise power or to alter the consciousness.

CHAOTE - A Chaos magician not actively in practice.

CHAPLET - A garland of leaves, herbs or flowers that is worn upon the head. During Handfastings, the bride wears a chaplet of flowers while the gorrm wears one of leaves. Flower chaplets are worn by the Maiden and during Beltane rituals. Chaplets of oak and/or holly are worn by the High Priest during some Yule Rituals.

CHARGE OF THE GODDESS - The Traditional words of the Goddess to her followers, or "hidden children". Normally declaimed by the HPS at every coven Circle.

CHARGING CUP - This is a bowl used to contain the exorcised water on the Altar. It is then carried around to asperge the Circle and Coven. Also called the water bowl.

CHARMS - Can either be an amulet or talisman that has been charged by saying an incantation over it and instilling it with energy for a specific task.

CHARTOMANCY - Divination by writing in papers.

CHEIROMANCY - Divination through the examination of the hand. The technical term for Palmestry. Also Chiromancy.

CHI - A Chinese term for the all-encompassing universal life force.

CHOKING PEAR - An instrument of non-torture that consisted of a pear- shaped object that was shoved in the mouth and throat by the Inquisition. A crank was then turned and the pear expanded to choke the suspect. Choking was not considered to be torture.

CHRYSTALLOMANCY - Divination by glasses.

CIRCLE- the area in which the magickal worship and spells takes place. Can also be used to designate a particular group of Witches or Pagans such as "Silver Acorn Circle".

CIRCUMAMBULATE -  To travel in a Ritual Circle along the edge, and thus in a circular direction. To circle a person or object with your right side always facing that person as an act of blessing or worship.

CIRCUT - Energy, even psychic and magickal energy must have a completed circut in order to function. Thus, when you are sending energy to someone, you also receive energy from that person as well. If you block the return so that you get nothing back, you will be unable to send. This is basic physics and works in magick as well as in your reading lamp.

CLAIRAUDIENCE - The ability to 'hear' that which is normally not hearable such as 'hearing' the crash of a jet with the knowledge that it will happen in three weeks.

CLAIRVOYANCE - The ability to perceive that which is not normally perceivable, generally interpreted as sight.. Examples are seeing the future or another location without any physical connection.

CLEANSING - The act of removing any negative energy, vibrations or images from an object or place by utilizing positive, psychic energy.

CLEROMANCY - Divination by lots.

CONE OF POWER - power raised in the circle by the Witches assembled, and sent out into the world to work magick, is usually visualized as being retained and built in the form of a "cone" prior to release.

CONJURATION - The act of summoning a non-material entity.

CONSECRATION - The act of blessing an object or place by instilling it with positive energy.

CONTAGION, LAW OF - That rule of magick that states that objects once in contact tend to remain in contact. This is the basis for object links and doing magick on a person from a distance because you have a piece of their hair or clothing.

CORD - 1) A Wiccan Tool. A rope used as a badge of rank, the color of which determines the Degree of the Witch.
2) A rope that is used to measure or used in certain magickal spells. The infamous 'Witches Ladder' uses a cord.
3) A measure of length equal to your height or the distance between finger tips when your arms are stretched out. About 6'. See famn.

CORD MAGICK - The use of ropes that are knotted in a certain manner in order to focus and release power.

CORN DOLLY - A figure, often shaped like a woman but occasionally symbolically-geometric made from wheat stalks or similar grain. They represent the bounty of the earth and are often used in Spring and Harvest Sabbats. They are usually made from the last of the wheat to be harvested. Sometimes they are buried in the fields, sometimes they are hung in the kitchen and saved for Imbolc.

CORRESPONDENCES - A set of related concepts that allow us to use magick in our everyday lives. They are generally done in table and chart form.

COSCINOMANCY - Divination by sieves.

COVEN - an organized group of Witches, led by a High priestess and/or a High Priest who meet regularly for worship and fellowship. The traditional membership is 13, but in fact most covens number considerably less. 3 is the minimum in the Georgian Tradition. In Middle English, "Covin" a group of confederates; In Old French "Covine" a band or group with a single purpose; Latin "Com"-together, "Venire"-to come or move.

COVENSTEAD - regular meeting place for a coven. Usually the home of the High Priestess or High Priest.

CRESCENT - That phase of the moon that is somewhere between new and full. It resembles a circle with a bite taken out. Many High Priestess wear a crown consisting of a silver band with a crescent upon the brow to represent the Goddess.

CRETE - One of the few true Goddess civilizations known. It is an island in the Mediterranian sea which was destroyed by the eruption that also destroyed Atlantis.

CRITHOMANCY - Divination by grain and corn.

CROM-CALLEACH - The name of the Ram-Horned Serpent which accompanies the Horned God. It was this serpent that was sent by the Horned God into Eden to teach Eve to think and give her wisdom. Unfortunately, jehovah didn't want Adam and Eve to think for themselves and twisted the myth around to show that freedom and knowledge is evil.

CRONE - The Third aspect of the Goddess as She changes from the Mother to the Hag. In this aspect She is the patron of magick, intuition and death. Her symbol is the waning moon.

COWAN - a non-Witch. Formerly used in a very derogatory manner. Still used in Masonic Ritual to indicate the non initiate and/or pretender to "real craft". Not often used today among most Witches.

COYOTE ENERGY - trickster energies. Named for the American Indian Trickster, Coyote, who tricks man into learning what he needs to learn. Applies to one who constantly jokes and clowns. Also applies to the concept of "Holy Fool" in many traditions.

CRAFT, THE - Witchcraft, Wicca.

CRONE - A term of respect used for a witch who has passed menopause or who is over 50-56 years old.

CRONING - A rite of passage into being a crone.

CROSS QUARTER DAYS - The modern name for the Celtic Fire Festivals of Samhain, Imbolc, Beltane, and Lammas.

CRYSTAL BALL/SPHERE - A round object made from quartz crystal and used as a means of scrying. If it is more than a few centimeters across, it is probably artifical. They should be optically clear and so are prohibitally expensive and replaced with glass balls. Also Crystal Sphere.

CUNNING MAN - A practitioner of magick; this term dates back to long before Christianity. He was relied on by villagers to bring a good harvest, protect them from evil, and provide charms and medicines. The Cunning Man survived the coming of Christianity, but not for very long.

CUP - A Wiccan Tool. The female symbol and container for the Ritual Wine that is to be blessed by the Goddess.
During many Rituals, the Cup is blessed by the High Priest and High Priestess and then passed around for all to share. Traditionally the Cup is made of silver to represent the Moon though many now are of pewter or even wood. Note that copper will mix with alcohol to produce a poison and alcohol will leech lead from pewter so copper or brass or pewter Cups MUST be silver plated on the inside with no scratches.

CURSE - A magickal spell used to harm. Usually it follows the target forever or until removed by someone far more powerful than the initial caster.

DACTYLIOMANCY - Divination through the use of a finger ring.

DAPHNOMANCY - Divination through the use of laurel leaves, generally by burning them and observing the smoke or rarely, by breathing the smoke and shifting into alpha where visions occur.

DARK ONE - 1) The Horned God in His aspect of the Lord of Death or the Grim Reaper.
2) The Goddess in Her aspect of the Crone.

DARK MOON/DARK OF THE MOON - New moon.

DAYS OF POWER - Although usually referred to as Sabbats, these are other days throughout the year that can be considered days of power. These days can be triggered by astrological occurrences, your birthday, a woman's menstrual cycle (also know as the Blood of the Moon), or your dedication/initiation anniversary.

DEDICATION - Unlike the initiation ceremony that brings one into an order, the dedication of a Witch is that process where the individual accepts the Craft as their path, and vows to study and learn all that is necessary to reach adeptship in a given tradition. In a dedication, you consciously prepare yourself to accept something new into your life and stick with it, regardless of the highs and lows this action may produce.

DELTA - A very slow trance-like rhythm of the brain. It is related to certain healings and astral travel.

DEMETER - (Greek) A Grain Goddess and Mother of Persephone. Two tales are important here, the first regards the bees who gave honey to the gods for food. So enthralled with this were the gods that they granted the bees a wish. The bees asked for the power to sting their enemies to death. So enraged with this request that the gods made the sting fatal to the bees. The bees are sacred to Demeter. The second story concerns Her daughter Persephone and Hades and the coming of Winter.

DEMON - An unfriendly non-material entity. Compare with angel.

DEMONOMANCY - Divination by suggestion of demons.

DEOSIL - clockwise, or sunwise. Traditional direction for working "building" magick.

DEVA - A nature spirit that personifies that form of nature such as the Foxglove Deva is the nature spirit that relates to the foxglove plant.

DEVIL - Literally a 'little god' or in xianity, a non-material entity of a negative force.

DEVIL'S MARK-- (xian) According to christian mythology, whenever a 'witch' sold their soul to the xian devil, he kissed the 'witch' somewhere on their body. this place then became insensitive, unable to bleed and produced a mark that often disguised as a mole, wart, scar, blemish or even was invisible. Much of the torture of a witch entailed finding this mark as proof of witchcraft.

DIANA - (Wicca) A common name for The Goddess to be used in public.

DIANA'S CROWNm- A crescent moon mounted upon the headdress (usually silver) of the High Priestess of a Wiccan Coven and worn as a sign of her rank and position.

DIANA'S BOWm- The third day after the New Moon when the Moon appears to be in the shape of a bow. This time is important to Witches for it's magickal forces.

DIANIC - Tradition emphasizing the Goddess Diane. Leadership is genreally female, though males may be members.

DIANUS - (Aradian) The Horned God.

DISCARNATE - An entity without a physical body such as a ghost or an astral body.

DISCHARGE - To divest of energy, to send off a spell, to desantify.

DISMISS/DISMISSING THE QUARTERS - The tern used in Wicca to refer to the release of the Lords of the Watchtowers so that the Ritual can end. Also Dismissing the Quarters.

DIVINATION - magical method of exploration or inquiry into a situation via such methods as Tarot cards, runestones, I- Ching, etc.

DOLMEN - A stone monument. Technically, the remains of a pre-Celtic stone grave that generally consists of four large flat stones for walls and a capstone for a roof. These were then covered with dirt but after thousands of years, the dirt has been worn away leaving only the stones which appear to be a giant stone table. Many of these are so large that a man on horseback can ride under them without touching any stone. Thus they give rise to legends of giants and heros.

DOLMER - In one Tradition of Wicca, a ritual Circle of stones. Probably a misspelling and misinterpretation of Dolmen.

DOOR/DOORWAY-- The entrance into the Magickal Circle, generally in the North- east opened and closed by a specific ritual for the purpose of entering and leaving the established Circle.

DOPPELGANGER - The German term for a double of a person. It may refer to an astral body, bi-location or an actual copy.

DOUBLE - The astral body which may be perceived by other people as a visible and 'tangeable' copy of your own body.

DOVES BLOOD - Any writing with ink on parchment, especially magickal in nature. It has no relation to the bird or it's bodily fluids.

DOWSING - The art/science of using a pendulum or stick to find the actual location of a person, place, thing or element. Dowsing can also be used to answer yes or not questions, and quite a science has developed by holding a pendulum over a specially designed chart to answer specific questions on life patterns.

DRACHMA -  A term in herbalism to indicate a measurement equal to a handful of the herb.

DRACOMANCER - A practitioner of magick who uses dragons in their workings.

DRAGON LINES - Ley lines or the currents of energy that criss-cross the earth and can be tapped by the Witch.

DRAKE - A dragon, generally refers to a young one.

DRAWING DOWN THE MOON - Ritual invocation of the spirit of the Goddess into the body of the High Priestess by the High Priest.

DREAMTIME - The Shamanic concept of a world which parallels this one.

DRUID NEW MOON - Six days after the New Moon.

DRUIDS - (Celt) An organized religion that is solar orientated and related to Wicca possibly as first cousins. Both Witches and Druids traded with each other, each enriching the dogma of the others faith.

DRUMMING - The use of a drum to raise power, alter consciousness or to give a beat for the magick to be done.

DUNKING - And ancient means of either punishing or proving witchcraft or adultry in Babylon. It was revised in Europe during the Burning Times with the witch either being tied to a chair and lever or simply being tied up and tossed into a river.
Depending on the time and place the witch either floated because water, being the instrument of baptism, rejected the witch or sank because water, being the instrument of baptism, enacted god's judgment and punishment.

EARTH MAGICK - A practical form of magick wherein the powers and forces of Earth Mother are used to conduct magickal workings or celebrations. Usually items associated with the Earth and nature hold a particular significance in the ritual or spell.

EARTH POWER - Defines the force or vibration that exists in many inanimate objects like stones, water, fire, and plants. Can be controlled and used in magick.

ELDER - Many Wiccan organizations have a group or board of Elders who oversee the operations of the church and its variety of functions. These people have usually gained their positions through a combination of their abilities which may include education, experience, magickal adeptship and counseling.

ELEMENTAL - The living nature spirits that are formed of only one element such as: Gnomes are Solid (earth); Undines are liquid (water), Slyphs are gas (air) and Salamanders are energy (fire). Each of these has its own personality, level of intelligence and 'biology' and can be contacted by the proper training. However it should be made known that Elementals have no souls and so they associate with people mainly because they have to (by the laws of magick) or because they want to learn how to get a soul for themselves. They can be mischevious, aloof, flighty or down right dangerous.

ELEMENTARIES - Thoughtforms created of one element by a person to perform a specific purpose.

ELEMENTS - Earth, air, fire, and water, plus spirit, which includes them all. These are regarded as realms or categories of nature (both material and non-material) and are not to be confused with the physicists table of elements, which the modern witch, of course, accepts.

ELF FIRE - A fire produced by psychic means.

ELIXIR - A magically charged liquid which has to have a crystal or gem sitting in it for a specific amount of time before it is ready to drink.

ELPHAME - The Sidhe or Land of Faerie.

ELVES - Beings which are near-human whose appearance is dependant on their type. They once may have ruled Europe before modern man arrived and drove them away.

EMPOWER - To give to yourself or others personal control over their own lives. Wicca and other forms of Paganism are empowering religions because they insist that you are good and can control your own lives and because they state that your path to Divinity is equal to ours. Thus Pagan religions encourage men and women to become Priest/ess' and give them that opportunity. Christianity is an anti-empowering religion because they state that people are evil and can only be saved through the agency of another person, and because they encourage the idea that only the priest (almost always a white male) can intercede between a person and divinity.

ENCHANTMENT - A magickal object that must be kept absolutely secret and hidden from all human eyes ands affects a hidden aura. Enchantments must be charmed first. Gems and magickal writing are good items for Enchantments

ENERGY - The force that is used by the Witch to accomplish magick. It may be innate (raised by the Witch from their own bodies) or Accumulated (saved by the coven for later usage) or external (tapped by the Witch from the gods or nature).

EPHEMERIS - A book used by astrologers and astronomers which lists the positions of the stars and planets at any time in history. In astrology this information is vital to predicting future influences on a person.

EQUINOX - Literally, 'equal night', it refers to the two times of the year when the daylight and nightime hours are exactly the same length. These are around March 21 and September 21. Most pagan religions consider them to be holy days.

ERIS - (Greek) The Goddess of chaos and random behaviour. She is worshipped today in the Erisian religion which makes a great deal of the chaotic nature of life and the universe.

ESBAT - weekly or biweekly meeting of a coven. Traditionally held either on the full moon or the new moon.

ESOTERIC - That part of religion and magick which is hidden from non- initiates.

ESP, E.S.P. - Extra sensory projection. A passive ability of collecting information through the past, present or future by a means not completely understood but probably related to very long radio waves.

ESSENTIAL OIL - A plant oil which is extracted through a very complex process that generally yields very little product, making it costly to buy true essential oils. It's a misconception to think of them as actually being oily because they rarely are. These are called for often in rituals.

ETHERIC - Composed of Astral or Akashic substance.

EVIL EYE - The ability to cause evil to occur simply by looking at the target. Not normally used in Wicca.

EVOCATION - To call something out from within.

EXORCISE - To ritually remove or banish unwanted entities from a person, place or thing. The noun is exorcism.

EXORCISM - The ritual that removes unwanted energies or entities.

EYE GOUGE - A tool resembling an old buttonhook or a fishhook on an ice pick. It was thrust into the eyesocket between the eyeball and bone, then twisted around so that the hook looped around the optic nerve. The eys gouge as then removed, pulling the eyeball out of the socket and tearing the muscles and nerves apart.
It was used by the christian inquisition to force Witches to confess to crimes that they never committed.

FAGGOT - A bundle of wood used to burn Witches and heretics.

FAERIE/FAIRY - A race of very small people who lived in the British Isles. They were displaced by the Celts and other invadors until they were forced to live in pit pouses that were disguised to look like hills thus giving rise to the belief that they lived underground. Sir Frances Drake had small ships built to sail underneath the guns of the Spanish armada and had Fairies man his cannon. The Fairy race died out shorthy afterwards. Also faerie.

FALSE BODKIN - The flase bodkin was similar to the bodkin save that the blade was straight and blunt and slid into the handle so that the 'suspect' didn't feel any pain as the bodkin 'penetrated' their skin. This proved the 'suspect's' guilt and they were hanged. Refer to Bodkin.

FAMILIARS- Either a Witch's pet animal which has been trained to be a magickal helper, or an artificially created "elemental" which performs the same functions as the animal friend.

FASCINATION - A mental effort to control another animal or person's mind. It has been referred to as "mind-bending."

FASTING - Most Covens have some form of purification proceedure that they expect their members to undergo before a ritual. This purification is generlly more important than the ritual itself and some magickians will spend three months purifying themselves for a half-hour spell. Generally Wiccan Covens have a purification that is anywhere from 12 hours to three days and will restrict the types and food and drink consumed, sex, violence and such. One of the major purposes of purifications is to focus your mind and body on the rite and not that person in bed next to you or that meal on your plate. It also forces you to learn control.

FATE - Whatever happens. You cannot control or influence Fate, only react to it. This is a Wiccan term that was replaced by many modern Witches with a misunderstood form of the eastern concept of Karma.

FEAST - The ritual meal shared within the ritual to allow the Coven to settle down and relax. A social time characterized by song, game, dance and gossip.

FEMALE ENERGY - The energy which is adjusted by the female body. It is receptive, nurturing and creative. Yin.

FETISH - An object, often crudly made of simple materials, that possesses magickal power.

FFFF - (Saxon) A contraction for 'Flags, Flax, Fodder and Frig.' Also written as 4F. It can easily be made into a mandala by joining them together at the base to any shape or design. See Flags, Flax, Fodder and Frig.

FILI - (Irish) A seer or diviner.

FILTER - The act of creating a psychic shield around yourself so that when you share energy with a person, only the energy gets through and any illness or baneful materials being carried by that energy is prevented from entering your aura or body.

FINGER - A measure of length equal to the width of your longest finger at the knuckle nearest the finger tip. About 3/4". See measurements.

FIRE - The Element that corresponds to Energy and South.

FITH-FATH - A poppet.

FIVEFOLD KISS, FIVEFOLD SALUTE - The Witches' ritual salute, with kisses; (1) on each foot, (2) on each knee, (3) above the pubic hair, (4) on each breast, and (5) on the lips- really 8 kisses in all. It is only used within the Circle, but the words that go with it are the origin of "Blessed Be."
     "Blessed be thy feet, that have brought thee in these ways."
     "Blessed be thy knees, that shall kneel at the sacred altar."
     "Blessed be thy womb, without which we would not be."
     "Blessed be thy breasts, formed in beauty."
     "Blessed be thy lips, that shall utter the sacred names."

FLAGELLATION - The art and practice of using a special whip to induce a form of enlightenment or purification.

FLAGS, FLAX, FODDER AND FRIG - An old Saxon blessing that has been adopted by many other pagans and witches. It translates into "May you always have a home to live in, clothing to wear, food to eat and someone to love. Flags refers to flagstones, Flax refers to a plant (linum usitatissimun) that is used to make cloth, fodder refers to feed for your livestock and ultimately yourself and Frig refers to the Norse Frigga who was a Goddess of sexual love and from whom we get the term 'to frig.'

FLARE - A bright spot in the aura that indicates a problem or emotional turmoil.

FLITTERMOUSE-- The common bat. Called this because if it's superficial resemblence to a mouse with wings. In reality they are not at all even closly related.

FLOUROMANCY - Divination by flowers.

FLUID CONDENSER - Any of a series of liquids that are designed to absorb, concentrate and store specific magickal energies.

FLYING OINTMENT - 1) A mixture of materials, generally hallucinagenic considering the dozen or so recipies I possess, which when rubbed on the 13 Cardinal points is absorbed into the skin and bloodstream causing the sensation of flying. One experiment with these formulae showed each researcher having identical hallucinations which included flying to a mountain and worshipping the Horned God which was interpreted as the xian devil.
2) In Wicca, true flying ointment was made in the olden days to be rubbed on the skin as a protection against insects and the cold and to provide a slippery skin in case the xians tried to grab you.

FOLIATE - Those images found on a number of early churches and resembling a human face made of leaves. They were often horned or had leaves in the shape of antlers to symbolize the Horned God. They are thought to have been placed there by witches who, being forced to attend church, wanted to pray to their own God.

FOX FIRE - A mysterious light often found hovering over marshy ground or old cemetaries at night. It has been called everything from UFO's to fairy lights but is probably methane gas ignited spontaneously.

FULL MOON - The peak of the Lunar Cycle. The time of the Goddess. Witches usually meet at this time to perform magick.

FUTHARK - Runic alphabet used often in divination, its origins are Norse (Germanic). Divided into the elder Futhark and the younger Futhark (which has fewer runes).

GAEA - The Earth Mother or Mother Earth. The name has recent signigicance for Environmental action groups.

GARDNERIANS - Tradition of Witchcraft descended from the teachings of Gerald Gardner.

GASTROMANCY - Divination by the sounds of the belly or by signs on the belly itself.

GEIS-- (Gaelic) A personal obligation or vow to do or not to do something. You can be released from a promise but not a geis.

GEOMANCY - Divination through the use of random figures in the dirt or sand.

GLAMOUR - (Gardnerian) A spell or charm that changes the appearance of anything. To hypnotise, to drug. See also fascination.

GLYPH - A magickal symbol that incorporates the name and birth date of the wearer. It is often worn as a protection.

GNOMES - an "entity" or "elemental" that dwells in the plane of Earth or is associated with the EARTH Element.

GOAT GOD - The aspect of the Horned God of the Witches who was worshipped in areas where the goat was the primary meat source.

GOAT WITHOUT HORNS-- (Voodoun) A referance to human sacrifice.

GOD, THE - Loving father to all and the perfect compliment to the Goddess. He is viewed as co-creator of the universe. Often Identified with the sun, sky deserts, forests, agriculture, and wild animals. not to be confused with the monotheistic Christian concept of 'God' he is part of a pair.

GODDESS, THE - Definitions differ but Generally the universal mother of all who created the universe with the god. Often associated with the Moon, ocean, earth, fertility, birth and death.

GOD POSITION - The position where the Witch stands feet feet together and arms crossed at the wrists over the heart. It is used to contain power or to symbolize the Horned God. Also called the Osiris position.

GODDESS POSITION - The position where the Witch stands with feet apart and arms outspread. It is used to absorb energy (if done one way) and to represent the Goddess (if done in another manner). Also called the Pentacle postion.

GOETIC - That form of High Magick that deals with calling up and controlling non-material and non-divine entities which are defined as spirits, demons, etc.

GOLDEN SICKLE - (Celt) A Tool of the Druids and certain Wiccans. It is the Symbol of Druidism as is the Athame to theWitch. It's most famous use is to cut the sacred mistletoe (viscum album) on Yule. This Mistletoe is not allowed to touch the ground and so is caught in a white cloth.

GOODSWARDEN - The Witch who is assigned to keep the Coven Tools and supplies between meetings.

GOOFER DUST - (voodoun) Dust from a graveyard or moss from a grave.

GRAMMARY - Written magick, including symbols, signs, Ogham, and sigils.

GRANDMOTHER - The goal of many Traditional Witches is to be descended from another Witch by birth or family.

GRANTING OF THE BOON - A request to the Goddess to grant a gift to the Witch.

GRAPHOLOGY - The study of a personas personality and medical condition as expressed in their handwriting.

GRAVEYARD DUST - Dust from a grave or powder from the herb patchouli or leaves from the mullein (verbascum myrrha) plant.

GRAY MAGICK - An obsolete term used by many people to denote any use of magick that is neither wholly good (white magick) or completly bad (black magick) but is ethically neutral.

GREAT BOOK - See Book of Shadows.

GREAT CIRCLE - A more complicated and ceremonial circle than the traditional Witches Circle. It is formed only for acts of great or high magick where safety is the prime consideration.

GREAT DAYS - The Sabbats.

GREAT MOTHER GODDESS - The Primary Diety worshipped by Witches. She is also called the Triple Goddess, the Moon Goddess, Mother Nature, The Lady and by many other names.

GREAT RITE - The rite which is the main feature of the third degree initiation, and which is also laid down for certain festivals. It is sexual in nature, but may be `actual' (and private to the couples concerned) or symbolic, as the participants wish.

GREATER SABBATS - Samhain, Imbolc, Beltane and Lammas. They were celebrated by the Celts and adopted by Witches after the Celtic migrations into Western Europe.

GREEN MAGICK - Magick that emphasises the herbal sciences for healing.

GREEN MAN - Another name for the God, particularly in His aspect of God of Fertility.

GREEN WITCH - A Witch who practices green magick.

GRIMOIRE - The Book of Spells owned by a Witch and magickian. It is often incorporated with the Book Of Shadows

GRIS-GRIS - In African religious systems, a charm, fetish, or amulet.

GROUND, GROUNDING - To discharge energy into the earth. To tie oneself to the earth.

GROUND AND CENTER - The process by which the Witch or Coven will balance their energies with each other and become attuned to the forces of Nature before any work or ritual. The process is similar to what physicists call phasing and synchronizing energy waves.

GROUP KARMA - The karma that is developed by a group of people. Consider the group karma that has been created by the Nazi's or the KKK.

GROVE - A natural location that is used for ritual, generally surrounded by trees. These trees may be natural or planted in a specific pattern. Druids prefer to worship in Groves instead of the Stone Circles which are preferred by Witches.

GUANOMANCY - Divination by the bird dropping on the windshield of your car. This was originally created as a joke but I suspect that someone has probably learned to do it.

GUARDIANS - Ceremonial magicians and some Witches call the Guardians of the Watchtowers to guard the sacred circle during rituals. These are the guardians of the four quarters, though they may be envisioned quite differently, from gargoyles to angers.

GYROMANCY - Divination by rounds or circles.

HALLOWS - name used by some traditions for Samhain, or Halloween.

HALLUCINOGEN - Any herb that causes a mind altering and unreliable 'vision'. They are occasionally used ritually to teach the student to drop their preconceived notions of reality. In modern times, they are used for recreational purposes and therefore tend to harm magickal abilities.

HAND - A measure of distance equal to the width of your hand with the thumb and fingers closed. About 4".

HANDFASTING - Wiccan equivalent of a wedding. It can be made legal if the Priestess and/or Priest are registered as clergy with the local authorities, or it may only be considered binding within the coven.

HAND OF GLORY - An old magickal talisman that consists of the hand of an executed man turned into a candle. It was used by criminals who would light it and carry it into a home in the hope that it would keep the occupants asleep while they were robbed.

HARUSPICY - Divination through the inspection of entrails.

HEAL, HEALING - To repair damage or ilness through the use of psychic or magickal means. Most Witches are taught healing.

HEATHEN - One who lives in the meadows, a pagan. To a christian, an insult.

HEATING CHAIR - A metal chair with numerous spikes which was used by the inquisition. The suspect was strapped tothe chair naked and a fire built beneath. The chair would become red hot and the heat would be transmitted tothe suspect via the hundreds of spikes that theywere forced to sit on.

HECATE - The patron Goddess of Witchcraft in Greece. Modern Witches see in Her the Crone Goddess and some emphasise Her worship over the other Aspects of the Goddess. See Triple Goddess.

HEDGE WIZARD - A rural practitioner who has little formal training, or none at all.

HENGE - Literally a Circle dug into the earth to delineate a holy spot. The term has been Confused with Stone Circle due to the popularity of Stonehenge which many people think means 'a stone circle' but really means 'a circular ditch with a stone circle inside'.

HEPTAGRAM - A seven-pointed star drawn with one unbroken line. Symbolic of the number seven, which is important not only to the seven traditional astrological planets but also to the seven planes and subplanes and the seven chakras.

Witch HEREDITARY WITCH - A person who descends from a line of witches and has learned the Craft from a member of this descent.

HERMETIC MAGICK - Magick that uses the mind instead of ritual and Tools, generally considered to be high magick and not psychics.

HEX - A short term 'curse' that is intermediate between the curse and fix. It is generally used to cure a specific condition and dissipates when that condition no longer exists. The term is derived from the German word 'hexen'.

HEXAGRAM - A geometric figure formed by two overlapping triangles, also called the Star of David. While it is used in modern magick to invoke or banish spirits, it is traditionally Jewish.

HIEROPHANT - A priest of the mysteries who reveals his secrets only to this initiates.

HIGHER SELF - Non-physical, true self. The enlightened, "actual" persona of the individual as opposed to what the person seems to be or thinks they are.

HIGH PRIEST/ESS - Technically speaking, a Witch who has received the 3rd. degree initiation. More usually, the male and female leaders of a coven.

HIVING OFF - The process where some members of a Coven leave to form a Coven of their own. Generally done under pleasant circumstances because there are too many members in the original Coven, the act of Hiving makes the original HPS and HP a Witch Queen and Witch King/Magus.

HOLY - Sacred. This can be used to refer to an object (the Athame) or a place (Avebury) or an image (The statue of Diana of the Ephesians) or a ritual (Doreen Valiente's The Charge of the Goddess) or a vision.

HOLY STONE - A stone with a natural hole. Hung by a red string, they are good luck and represent The Goddess

HORNED CROWN - The Crown of the High Priest in Wicca worn to symbolize his position. It generally has antlers or horns.

HORNED GOD - The primary diety that is worshipped by Witches. The earliest drawings that we have of Him are some 15,000 years old. He is always shown with horns or antlers as a sign of His divinity and ties to nature. These may be goat horns, cattle horns or stag antlers. Often He has Cloven hoofs like a goat, bull or stag and when naked, as is common among the ancients and modern Traditionals, He is shown to be ithyphallic. Note: Ithyphallic is a term that refers to a God as being sexually erect.

HYDROMANCY - Divination through the use of water.

ICTHYOMANCY - Divination by fishes.

IDOL - An image or representation of a God or Goddess. Pagans admit to worshipping idols or in some cases, the reality behind the image. Christians, muslims and jews worship idols in opposition to their stated objections to same.

IDOLOMANCY - Divination by idols, statues, images or figures.

IMAGE MAGICK - Magick that uses a representation of the target as a focus or object link. The most famous of these is the poppet though many modern Witches use photographs because it is easier to get a photo than an object link.

IMATATIVE MAGICK - A form of magick wher the actions of the spell resemble the desired results. An example is a hunting spell where the hunter would use a toy bow to stalk and shoot a poppet of a deer in order to bring success in an upcoming hunt.

IMBOLC - Celtic name for Candlemas.

INCANTATION-- A set of magickal words or phrases that is used during a magickal spell. They are best spoken in rhyme.

INCARNATE - A spirit that dwells within a physical body.

INCARNATION - One lifetime upon the earth. The soul will incarnate into a physical body, remain there until death, then reincarnate back upon the material plane for another lifetime. Often this is seen as an education, Buddhists see it as a prison, Witches see it as an adventure.

INCENSE - A tool that is composed of herbs and is used to symbolize air. When burned in the censer it's purpose is to banish or attract non-material entities depending on the ritual and composition of said incense.

INCUBATION - A vision quest performed alone in a temple or other holy area in the hopes of receiving a divine message.

INCUBUS,- A male non-material entity in human form called up for the purpose of sexual activity. See Succubus.

INITIATION - An experience that so transforms the individual that their concept of personal and worldly reality has been altered. A dedication ceremony should not be confused with an initiation.

INVOCATION - The ritual "calling-in" of an entity (or energies) higher than human, either for communication with the caller through a medium or by visible manifestation or else to enter into a human body as in the Drawing Down the Moon. In some traditions, a Prayer.

INVOKE - To call entergies into oneself from outside, as in calling a Goddess or drawing down the Moon.

INWARD SILENCE - The silencing of the emotions and thoughts that disturb the effectiveness of a ritual.

JINN - (Islam) A non-material entity that may take human form and be bound to a megickian for a set time or set of conditions. The genie in a bottle is a hold-over of the jinn.

KABALLAH - Mystical teachings from the Jewish-Gnostic tradition which formed the basis of ceremonial magic and the Alexandrian tradition. An elaborately structured Tree of Life is central to the system of study. Also Qabala and Cabala.

KARMA - In Hindu belief where the term originated, it is the idea that the good and evil a person does will return either in this life or in a later one. Among Pagans, the theory is that whatever negative or positive energies one sends out will come back to the sender in like kind. The "Three Fold Law" is a version of this belief.

KI - Japanese word for the universal life force, synonymous with the Chinese term, Chi.

KITCHEN MAGICK/KITCHEN WITCHCRAFT - A practical tradition of witchcraft mainly for suburban or lower budget witches that allows one to utilize household items instead of the often difficult to obtain ritual items.

LABRYS - The double-headed axe found painted all over crete. It has been taken as a symbol for womans religion.

LAMEN - A disc of metal with magickal symbols inscribed on it, worn around the neck during rituals.

LAMMAS - August 1st. Witch Festival. The Old Celtic name for this festival is Lughnassadh. It is the Festival of the First Fruits, and is the first of the 3 harvests. This festival also marks the change of the Threefold Goddess energies from that of Mother to Crone.

LAMPADOMANCY - Divination by lamps and candles.

LECANOMANCY - Divination by a basin of water.

LESSER SABBATS - The four Equinoxes and Solstices. Yule, Ostara, Litha and Mabon. These are the original Sabbats worshipped by Witches before the Celts introduced the Greater Sabbats.

LEVITATION - The supernatural phenomenon involving suspending a body in midair without physical bolster.

LEY LINES - The currents of energy that criss-cross the earth. They can be tapped by the Witch to increase power or to send the spell a great distance.

LIBATE - To pour a sacrificial drink on the ground or in a special libation bowl in honor of the God and Goddess. The idea is that all that we have comes from the Gods and so we should share with Them a part of our gifts. If this is done indoors in a bowl, the contents are later taken outside and given to the earth.

LILITH - (Sumeria) A demon who was, in Jewish tradition, Adams first wife. She rebelled because she wanted to be equal to man and not a possession. Thus she ran away and was replaced with Eve who was more complacent and submissive.

LITHOMANCY - Divination by stones.

LOA - An ancestral deity in the Voodoo religion.

LOGARITHMANCY - Divination by logarithms.

MABON - ( may-BONE) The Wiccan Sabbat which celebrates the main harvest. In olden times homemade gifts or food were exchanged. It is held on the Autumn Equinox, around September 21.

MACROCOSM - The world around us.

MAGE - In ceremonial magick, a master magickian.

MAGIC(K)- The art and science of focusing your will and emotions to effect change both in the world around you and the world within you. Magick is neither good nor evil, positive nor negative. It is the use of the power that determines the path it will take.

MAGICK CIRCLE - A circular boundary drawn in visionary blue flames or white light that protects the Witch from outside forces while conducting ritual magick. One must never step outside the circle while performing a ritual unless the appropriate precautions have been take to cut a door. Nor should anyone step in during a ritual, unless they are following a pathway made for them. The door is usually cut with the athame or wand. The circle should never be left hanging after your ritual is over. This means that it must be closed just as ceremoniously as it was opened. The magick circle is considered the doorway between the worlds and allow us to move between the two. Some Witches draw the circle in the physical, either permanently on the floor or for temporary use with herbs, sand, salt, chalk or a nine-foot cord. The circle us still cast with blue or white light by the High Priestess/Priest or individual designated to do so. In some covens, the person in charge if a particular quarter is responsible for preparing the area before the coven members arrive. This includes cleaning the area, cleansing, consecrating, and making sure all the necessary supplies have been transported to the location.

MAGICAL NAME - A name chosen by the dedicant or initiate to symbolise rebirth into their new path.

MAGICKAL SYSTEMS - Can refer to Traditions, denominations, sects, or pantheons. It is a basic set of guidelines relating to specific Gods and Goddesses or cultural traditions.

MAGICAL VOICE - The commanding, assertive voice used to read power words during rituals which allows no doubt or insecurity in. This applies whether the voice is speaking tone, a loud whisper, or in song.

MAGUS - A male magickian of high rank.

MAIDEN - An appointment held by one of the women of the coven. She is virtually the assistant High Priestess. This term is also the descriptive term used to describe the first of the aspects of the Threefold Goddess Energies (Maiden, Mother, and Crone). It is traditionally associated with the Waxing Moon, and the period from Imbolc (Candlemas) to Beltane (May eve) where the energies are those of initiating, beginning, and creation.

MAJOR ARCANA - (tarot) The 21 cards in a tarot deck that represent divine influences.

MALEFICIA - The Left Hand Path.

MALKIN - A medieval term of a familiar in the shape of a cat.

MALLEUS MALEFICARUM - The Witches Hammer was published in 1486 and is considered by Witches to be the most evil book ever written. Written by two dominican monks, Jakob Sprenger and Heinrich Kramer who firmly believed in the evils of Witchcraft, this work is devided into three sections. Part 1 describes the evil of Witchcraft and states that if you don't believe what they say, you are guilty. Part 2 is a list of the fancifle evils supposedly perpetrated by Witches and Part 3 is a 'how to' guide for torturing a confession out of a suspect.

MEGALITHIC - A ritual site made of very large stones. Stonehenge is the most famous example of a Megalithic Stone Circle, Avebury the largest.

MELRAWD - In Wicca, the period when the Novice begins to unlearn the mundane thinking process and learns the magickal way of Thinking. A time of intense learning.

MENHIR - A standing stone of Europe. Wheras Great Britain prefered the Stone Circle, Western Europe preferred the solitary Menhir.
Most Menhirs were used to mark holy spots or to recharge Ley Lines. However some were used as a weather control device by grounding out potential lightening storms and so producing generally good weather with light rains.

MERRY MEET, MERRY PART - A greeting used by Witches.

METAPHYSICAL - Pertaining to realizties which are outside those of science, such as cosmology and ontology.

MSTICISM - The beliefe that one can achieve direct consciousness of God or truth through meditation and intuition. In mystic practices, one attempts to merge with God or the source of creation.

MICROCOSM - The world within us.

MIDSUMMER - Sabbat celebrated in June. [For more information see http://www.spiritonline.com/wicca/3.html]

MIZ-MAZE - A maze cut into the earth to symbolize the Goddess and the winding path to Her.

MOJO - Magick.

MOJO BAG - A small bag generally worn around the neck which is charged with energies towards a certain goal and filled with charms, herbs, and/or stones.

MOON CROWN - The Crown worn by the High Priestess of a Coven of Witches as a symbol of her position and a symbol of the Goddess. Generally they are a silver band with a silver Crescent Moon worn at the forehead.

NECROMANCY - Magick, generally of an informational form, that concerns the dead.

NEW AGE - Usually refers to mixing metaphysical practices with a structured religion.

OBE - Out of body experience.

OCCULT - Literally, occults means "hidden" and is applied to a range of beliefs and activities that are outside of the mainstream philosophies and religions. It may also imply something that is secret, magickal, or supernatural.

OLD RELIGION - another name for the Craft.

OINOMANCY - Divination by wine.

OLD RELIGION - This is a term often used for Wicca and witchcraft. It was used because witchcraft is believed to descend from ancient paganism. However, it is misleading when used in relation to Wicca, which is a fairly young and modern religion based on witchcraft.

OMEN - An sudden occurence which is interpreted as being a sign of good or evil. Often it will be small yet significant; a vase falling over or a cup of water spilling, for example.

OMPHILOMANCY - Divination by the navel.

ONIROMANCY - Divination by dreams.

ONOMATOMANCY - Divination by names.

ONYCHOMANCY - Divination by the finger and toe nails.

ORNITHOMANCY - Divination by birds.

OSTARA - The Savvat celebrated at the Vernal Quinox, the second festival of spring. Symbolized by the eff, it is a time to celebrate new life and sexuality.

OTHERWORLD - Another term for that place that lies beyond our material world. It is often used by Eclectic Witches to refer to the Sidhe or Fairy World and sometimes the Summerland.

PAGAN - Among those who are not Pagans, the term refers to anyone who is not Christian, Islamic or Jewish, and may have the negative meaning of heretic. Among Pagans, the term refers to anyone who follows an earth or nature religion.

PAGANING - Presentation of an infant to the Circle and to the Gods.

PANTHEON - A Collection or group of Gods and Goddesses in a particular religious or mythical structure. Example are: Greek pantheon, Roman pantheon, Egyptian pantheon, Teutonic pantheon, etc.

PAST LIFE REGRESSION - A technique used by hypnotists to lead a person in a trance which allows them to supposedly recall events from previous lives, when their soul was in a different physical body at another time period and place. Assuming belief in the human soul, this is actually very logical, and can be explained as simply a matter of helping the human mind connect to the soul mind and read the memories stored there.

PECTI-WITA - A Scottish tradition of Wicca, see also Wita.

PENTACLE - a disc shaped talisman; in particular, the metal disc which represents the earth element among the witch's working tools.

PENTAGRAM - The five-pointed star. With a single point uppermost, it represents the human being. Inverted, with two points uppermost, it can have Satanist associations; but not necessarily. Some traditions of Wicca use the inverted pentagram to signify an initiate of the second degree.

PHILTRE - A potion made to produce a magickal effect. Generally referring to a love potion.

PHRENOLOGY - Divination by using the shape of the head to indicate personality traits.

PHYLACTERY - A talisman for good luck that consists of a leather box containing parchment with magickal symbols and worn around the neck.

PODOMANCY - Divination by the feet.

POOKA - (Irish) A nature spirit that took the form oa a horse. Although more of a prankster than an evil force, Druids feared it. Any crops not gathered by Samhain were given to the Pooka because it would spit on them and poison them to human use.

POPPET - A doll or image resembling the target of a spell used to focus the will and power.

PORTAL - A door into another perception of reality or another dimension.

PRIAPOMANCY - Divination by the size and shape of the penis.

PRICKING - A means of enacting a 'voluntary' confession of witchcraft during the Burning Times. The purpose was to locate the Devils Mark by the process of using a Bodkin ( similar to an icepick) to stab the 'suspect' repeatedly all over the body until the 'suspect' could o longer bleed or scream, at which time the devil's mark was said to be found and the witch determined to be guilty.

PRIEST - A male dedicated to both the service of his chosen deity(ies) and humankind. a High Priest is the male leader of a coven or Wiccan organization and plays the role of the God in certain ceremonies.

PRIESTESS - A female dedicated to both the service of her chosen deity(ies) and humankind. a High Priestess is the feminine leader of a coven or Wiccan organization and plays the role of Goddess in certain ceremonies. A solitary Witch can be a Priestess by dedicating herself to a particular God or Goddess.

PROJECTIVE ENERGY - That which is electrical, forward-moving, active. Projective energy is protective. See also Reciptive Energy.

PROJECTIVE HAND - A term often used in ritualism to describe your most powerful hand, generally the one you write with.

PROPHET - One who receives inspiration, information, or insights into the future from a divine source.

PSI - (Pronounced "sie", rhymes with "fly") Anything pertaining to psychic, magick, or other supernatural abilities.

PSIONICS - The use of psychic powers to affect or manipulate the physical world.

PSIONICIST - One who uses psionics.

PSYCHIC - A sense other than the normally accented dozen. Also called 'the sixth sense.'

PSYCHIC ABILITIES - Perceiving, receiving, or transfering information without the use of the 5 common senses (sight, touch, hearing, taste, smell).

PSYCHIC AWARENESS - The open state of awareness in which the conscious mind can tap into the psychic mind.

PSYCHIC MIND - The sub- or un- conscious mind which is receptive of psychic messages. When we are psychically aware, the two minds link and we can intercept these messages.

PSYCHOMANCY - Divination by the soul, affection, will and/or religious and moral disposition.

PSYCHOMETRY - The ability to mentally receive impressions from an inanimate object.

PYROMANCY - Divination by fire.

QUARTERS - The North, East, South, and West parts of a magickal circle or other ritual area. (See also "Watchtowers")

RACK - A method of extracting a confession by tieing the suspected Witchs' hands and feet to opposite ends of a table. The rope is then drawn taught by means of a winch, thus disolcating the joints and causing great pain.

RAISING ENERGY, RAISING POWER - The internal process where the Witch will produce energy from within their own body for use in magick. In some cases, the Witch will use their own energy to tap into an external source which they will then use.

RECEPTIVE ENERGY - The opposite of Projective Energy; magnetic, soothing, attracting energy often used for meditation, promoting love, calm and quiet.

RECEPTIVE HAND - The hand which has less power, generally whichever hand you do not write with. This hand is used less in holding and charging ritual items, however, it receives outside energy which is used to feed the magick.

REDE - rule or law.

REINCARNATION - The doctrine of rebirth after death.  The belief that one has lived before in another lifetime. It is one of the tennents of Wicca.

RITUAL - A focused mental/physical ceremony to either honor or thank one's chosen pantheon, or to perform a specific magickal working or act.

ROADOMANCY - Divination by stars.

RUNES - A set of symbols that are used both in divination and magickal workings. There are several types of runes with different origins. A few are the Norse, Scandinavian and Germanic runes. Unlike the Tarot, they are an integral part of the magickal system with its own pantheon, should you care to use it. They can function as an alphabet and are useful in vision questing, dream recall and controlling your environment.

SABBAT - one of the Eight festivals or high holy days of Wicca.

SACHET - A bag containing herbs and used for a specific magickal purpose. Another term for charm bag.

SACRED GEOMETRY - The study and application of angles, arcs and measurements to define a sacred space and to enlighten others. The ritual Drawing of a Circle with the Cord and the laying out of the quarters is a specific ritual that few follow but is worth learning.

SACRED MARRIAGE - See Great Rite.

SACRED SPACE - Generally that area within the Circle after it has been cast but generally any area where a Wiccan ritual is performed from an ancient temple to that area in front of your bedroom Altar.

SACRIFICE - The act of giving something to the Gods or spirits in payment for services to be rendered.

SALAMANDER - an entity that dwells in the realm of Fire.

SALT - 1) In magick, one of the three Base Principles. A symbol of Earth and purity.
2) (Gardnerian) When used as 'salty' it refers to being randy or to make randy in a sexual connotation.

SAMHAIN - The festival of remembrance for the dead, held on the eve of Nov. 1st. It is the last of the three harvests. This festival also marks the transition of rulership of the "Wheel of the Year from that of the Goddess to that of the God.

SANCTUARY - A location where a particular God or set of God/desses are believed to dwell. They may have a number of shrines, each one dedicated to a particular divinity.

SATAN - (Judeo-Christian) A Judeo-christian god of evil.

SCEPTER - See Wand.

SCIOMANCY - Divination by shadows.

SCOURGE - A Wiccan Tool representing purity and submission/control. It balances the Wand which often represents mercy.

SCRIBE - Recorder.

SCRY - To divine using a mirror, crystal ball or bowl of water.

SCRYING - divination, usually using such methods as crystal gazing, or divination via incense smoke, or water as opposed to tarot or other manipulative means.

SEAL - The signature of a non-material entity.

SEAX - (Saxon) 1) see Athame.
2) A tradition of Wicca popularized by Raymond Buckland in the early 1970's when he divorced Rosemary and left the Gardnerian Tradition.

SEAX WICA - Wicca as reinterpreted by Ray Buckland and others based on Saxon mythos instead of the more traditional Celt. It is mildly eclectic.

SECOND SIGHT - precognition.

SEEKER - One who believes that the Craft or a coven is for them but is not completely certain.

SELENE - The Latin name for the Moon Goddess, often referred to in Wicca as the Maiden Aspect.

SELF-DEDICATION - That process where the Wiccan declares themselves a Witch before the gods. It is used by Solitaries and Eclectics as a valid Initiation. Traditionals use it as a means of showing their fidelity to the God/dess until they can locate a Coven to join.

SELF-INITIATION - See Self-dedication.

SENDING - The launching of energy during a spell or a familiar to accomplish a task or a psychic communication to another person.

SEX - The union of man and woman to produce the greater whole. Some religions degrade sex as evil and dirty, Wicca enhances and honors it.

SEX MAGICK - A form of magick where energy is raised through sexual relations. It is the second most powerful form of magick and one of the hardest to learn. Most people who claim to be sex magickians are simply trying to get laid as it takes much hard training before you are even allowed to have sex. It is virtually impossible for a novice to do sex magick and in Traditional Wicca, it is reserved for only the highest ranking Witches in the coven.

SHADE - The spirit of a being which refuses to leave the physical plane.

SHADOW - That part of ourselves that we deny because the thought of us possessing such desires and attitudes is uncomfortable. Often when a Witch confronts their shadow, they get upset at having those desires and leave the Craft instead of accepting them and trying harder to be good.

SHAMAN - Specifically a Siberian magickian though many modern pagans use it to refer to any solitary magickian involved in nature worship.

SHAMANISM - The religion of the ancient peoples of northern Europe and Asia, generally characterised by the ability of the Shaman to communicate with the spirit world. Major facets of Shamanism are animism, possession, prophecy/revelations, shapeshifting, and soul travel.

SHAPESHIFTING - A very esoteric practice involving changing the human form. This can be practiced while on the astral plane, this alone is a great accomplishment. It is said that one can also shapeshift on the physical plane, though documented proof of this is nonexistent. Few books are published on the subject as it is an art mainly for certain people, and teachers prefer to find these people and teach them their art secretively rather than let the public know their ways.

SHEILA-NA-GIG/SHEILAS - Those naked female statues generally placed in inaccessible places on churches in Western Europe. They are usually shown holding their labia wide open for all to see as they grin and laugh at those below. They are a Goddess symbol thought to be placed there by the pagan artisians who were forced to attend a xian church and wanted to be able to pray to their own Gods. In many cases, they were placed above the north door which was the one used by witches who were forced to attend church.

SHIELD - The ability to protect yourself with a psychic or magickal barrier in order to prevent energy or unwanted non-material entities from touching you or, in some cases, perceiving your existance.

SHOWSTONE - A crystal sphere used for divination, especially scrying. Also called a crystal ball.

SHRINE - A small permanant or semi-permanant altar that is generally placed within the home for the personal use of the Witch.

SHUNNING - Not a Craft term but useful to describe the four levels in which the Craft can handle a troublemaker. These levels are, in order of severity: Astriction, Parting of the Ways, Reculade and Banishment.

SIDHE - (Irish) (pronounced "she") The land of the Faeries where life is a constant party. Unfortunately, time is different there and if you enter the Sidhe for an hour, you may learn that when you return to the mundane world, twenty years have passed. The opposite is also true.
In some Traditions of Wicca such as the Irish, it refers to the Otherworld, or the Summerland.

SIGIL - A magickally oriented seal, sign, glyph, or other device used in a magickal working. The most powerful sigils are those that you create yourself. Sigils can be used on letters, packages, clothing, on paper tucked in your pocket, etc.

SILVER CORD - That thread that connects the astral body to the physical. If it is broken, the body dies.

SIMPLE - 1) A potion that uses a single herb. 2) (Gardnerian) All medicinal herbs.

SIMULACRUM - See double.

SINISTER - See left hand path.

SISTER COVENS - The process where a Coven devides into two or more Covens, both of which may be equal to the other. They may do so because the original Parent Coven has grown too large and unweildy so they decide to devide into two or more smaller Covens with different Elders forming a number of new Covens and allowing the members of the Parent Coven to choose which new Coven they will join.

SISTRUM - A large rattle of Egyptian design used to make music during a ritual.

SIX SIX SIX (666) - (Jewish) Caled the Number of the Beast of revelations, modern christians use it as the number of satan.

SKYCLAD - In some traditions, for example the Alexandrian, it is the act of celebrating or doing a magickal working in the nude. This should not be misconstrued with sexual contact. There are many solitaries that prefer to work skyclad, feeling that he absence of clothing leaves their energy unhindered during the ceremony.

SKYFATHER - Assigning deification to the sky as a male entity. Although shamanistic in its origin, it compliments Earth Mother perfectly. Skyfather is also used by several Native American belief systems.

SMUDGING - (Eclectic) The practice of burning some herbs (usually sage) and censing a person with the smoke. Modern wiccan wanna-be's use it to replace the Traditional Censing because Native Americans did it. Amer-Indians only invented the process about a hundred years ago and not all do it.

SNAP BACK - A sudden and involuntary return of the astral body to the physical body. It is often accompanied by a disagreeable shock.

SOLAR AGE - See Aquarian Age.

SOLITARY - A witch who practices alone instead of within a coven.

SOLITARY WITCH - Those Wiccans who worship and work alone because they cannot or choose not to join a Coven.

SOLSTICE-- The times when the Sun is at it's most northern or southern position on the horizon. This is usually June 21 and December 21.

SOMA-- A sacred drink from India that is used in religious rituals. Some Traditional and Gardnerian Covens still use soma though few know the proper formula. It took my HPS weeks to find the proper kind of milk for ours one year.

SO MOTE IT BE - A phrase used often in rituals to close a chant or incantation. It literally means, "It must be so" or "So it shall be".

SOOTH-- Truth.

SORCERER - A male magickian who performs Low Magick similar to that practiced by a Witch only Sorcerers do it without a religious basis. See Wizard and Sorceress.

SORCERESS - The female counterpart of the Sorcerer and Wizard.

SORCERY -Magickal practice which involves summoning, binding, or banishing deities.

SOUL - The true identity of a human being, the immortal self which surpasses death and lives on into the otherworld, perchance to be reincarnated.

SOULMATE - Two people linked by Fate or karma or divine purpose. They often meet over many lifetimes. Despite popular belief, soulmates are not always lovers. They are simply a group of souls that reincarnate together in many forms; one life being lovers, another siblings, another friend, another enemies or any combination.

SOUTHWAYS - See Deosil.

SPANN - A measurement of length equal to the distance from the tip of your little finger to the tip of your thumb with the fingers spread. About 8". See bucket.

SPATALAMANCY - Divination by the skin, bones and excrement.

SPATULAMANCY - Divination through the inspection of animal shoulders.

SPECULUM - A mirror that is used for scrying.

SPELL - a prayer, or verbal direction of magickal energies toward the accomplishment of some goal.

SPELLCRAFTING - The practice of creating spells by writing outlines, arranging correspondences, and authoring incantations.

SPIRAL - The sacred spiral plays an important part in magickal workings. It is the symbol of "coming into being." A spiral dance celebrates the spiral symbolism.

SPIRIT - A non-material entity. Often it is the mind/soul/ personality of another who may be dead.

SPIRIT LOVER - An astral body or ghost who remains nearby because of close emotional ties.

SPLITTING THE COVEN - The process where some members of a Coven leave that coven to form their own. This may produce Daughter Covens or Sister Covens. Generally, Hiving produces Daughter Covens and Splitting produces Sister Covens.

SPRING EQUINOX - See Ostara.

SPIRITS - Entities which are free of a physical body.

SQUASSATION - See strappado.

STAFF - A large Wand. Some magickians use it in place of the Wand .

STAG GOD - That aspect of the Horned God that was worshipped by Witches in areas where the primary meat source was deer or elk. He survived in Celtic Religion far longer than His other aspect, the Bull whom some Traditions see as His other self who he must meet and fight on the Solstices. This may be an aetiological myth. See Bull God and Goat God.

STANG - An old symbol of the God and Goddess of the Witches used when the possession of a God/dess image was a capital offence. There are two forms of stang, the male with two tines and the female with three tines.

STAREOMANCY - Divination by the elementsor weather.

STEEP - To soak an herb in a hot liquid such as water.

STONEHENGE - One of three thousand Stone Circles in Great Britain. Many of these Circles are ritually built and orientated to the Lesser Sabbats (Pre-Celtic), others are magickal and many were social in use. Some were small enough to jump over, others were so large that an entire town was built inside them. Stonehenge was one of the most impressive. They predated the Celts and so were avoided by the Druids who preferred to worship in a grove of trees but their structure shows a lot of Wiccan influence and so some are still used by Witches. During the Burning Times, it was common for the local christian minister to take his congregation out to a local Stone Circle at a set time and destroy a stone, thus symbolically destroying the Craft and physically destroying an invaluable archaeological treasure. This custom ended with the Barber Stone incident at Avebury.

STRAPPADO - A popular form of torture used by the Inquisition because of it's cheapness. The suspect's hands were tied behind their back as in modern police handcufing. A rope was then tied to the bonds and the person was liften to the roof by their wrists. As the arms were behind and straight, the pain was intense.

STREGA - (Italian) A female Witch.

STREGHERIA - (Italian) A term to denote all Witches, regardless of gender.

STREGONE - (Italian) A male Witch.

STREGONERIA - (Italian) Witchcraft as a magickal persuit as opposed to the religious aspects.

SUBCONSCIOUS - The child-like part of the mind. All power of divine knowledge cones through the subconscious and is therefore altered.

SUCCUBUS - A non-material entity in female form called up for for sexual purposes. Some believe that there is only one form which becomes a Succubus for the purpose of collecting semen from a human male. The entity then becomes the Incubus which impregnates a human woman in order to reproduce. These 'children' possess qualities of both their human and demonic parents. Compare to Incubus.

SUFFUMIGATIONS - An incense made wholly of herbs and burned during spells.

SUMMER SOLSTICE - See Litha.

SUMMERLAND - In Wicca the place where the Horned God rules and to which all souls travel between incarnations. Also called the Sidhe (Celtic) pronounced 'Shee'. It is not a place of punishment or reward, but rather a place of resting between lives and a place where you learn lessons from a past life to help you live our next one better. When you are ready to die, the Horned God takes you through the Tunnel of Light to the Summerland where you wait rebirth at the Hands/womb of the Goddess.

SUMMONER - The male officer of the coven who corresponds to the Maiden. He is the assistant High Priest.

SUN - One of the symbols of the Horned God in His aspect of the Provider.

SUN WHEEL - A symbol of the Horned God which is found all over the world. It consists of four 'L' shapes so arrainged that they form an equal-armed cross within a circle. Often the space between the 'L' and the circle contains three smaller circles.

SUNWISE - See deosil.

SUPERCONSCIOUS - The higher self made up of emotion, memory, ESP and imagination.

SUPERNATURAL - A term used by cowans to refer to any of the magickal and psychic arts that can easily be understood and used by almost anyone with the determination to study them.

SWIMMING-- Originating in babylon to punish Witches and adulterers, it was adopted at various times to prove the crime of Witchcraft during the Burning Times. Swimming had two versions, in both the Witch was tied up and dunked into a river or lake.

     #1 was if the Witch floated, she was guilty because water, being the instrument of baptism, was rejecting the Witch or
     #2 was if the Witch sank, she was guilty because water, being the instrument of baptism, was enacting god's justice. Also called Dunking.

SWORD - A very large Athame. A Tool that corresponds to fire and the Athame, but of a greater size. In Gardnerian Wicca it is generally owned by the High Priestess and used only for the Coven. It is best for the Sword to be used outdoors as there is more room and less chance of poking a hole in the ceiling during an invocation.

SYCOMANCY - Divination by figs.

SYLPH - an "entity" or "elemental" that dwells in the plane of Air or is associated with the AIR Element.

SYMBOL - A sign which represents something else. Symbols are used commonly in rituals to represent gods, elements, goals, and more. Many tools are symbols, for example, the chalice is a symbol of the goddess and the giving of life.

SYMPATHETIC MAGICK - The system of magick that uses symbols and object links to accomplish a desired goal.

SYNCHRONICITY - A Jungian term describing a coincidence which seems to have meaning yet no connection is clear.

TABARD - A simple robe that is little more than a sheet with a neck hole cut in the center. It is often used as a person's first robe until they can make or buy a better one. Some Covens use a tabard over their robes to denote specialty, rank or as tradition.

TABOO - A set of acts or words that are forbidden by religion or culture. They are generaly unwritten but still enforced. For example, one Taboo in Wicca is the OF killing female animals or people, another is the identification of another Witch without their permission.

TALISMAN - An object that has been magickally charged in order it bring something to the bearer. Such an item could be a gemstone to win a court case, or a drawing to put in your pocket that will bring good luck.

TAN - (Celtic ) A fire, usually a ritual bonfire. Also teine.

TANTRA - (Hindu) a form of meditation or magick or prayer which is characterized by sexual relations as a means of power and enlightenment.

TAPPING ENERGY - A process whee the Witch will collect energy from an external source and focus it throgh their own body.

TAROT CARDS - A set of 78 cards which carry pictures and symbols used to connect the diviner with the collective unconscious. On one knows the specific origin of the cards, and there are many beautiful decks now on the market. Although the Rider/Waite deck is well known. Silver prefers the Witches' Tarot or the Robin Wood Deck. The cards can be used to determine the past, present and future of an event or person and can become powerful tools in magickal workings and rituals.

TELEKINESIS - A form of psychokinesis which involves moving objects with the mind without ever physically coming in contact with them.

TELEPATHY - Unspoken (psychic) communication between two minds.

TENETS - The beliefs, doctrines and principles of Wicca.

TETRAGRAMMATON - (Hebrew) Literally, "four letters". It refers to the secret name of the Jewish god which was so sacred that it was known only by the high priest of the major temple and spoken only once a year. Because the Hebrew alphabet had no vowels, the name was written with only consonents thus making it impossibe to know how it was actually pronounced. These four letters being J, V, H, V have been pronounced anywhere from 'jehovah' to 'yahwey'. Unfortunatly, the only person who knew the actual pronounciation was killed when the Romans burned the major Jewish temple in 64 c.e.
Ceremonial magickians use the tetragrammaton as a sigil.

THAUMATURGY - 'Low magick' using simple rituals and spells that is generally used to ease your everyday life.

THEALOGYB- See theaology.

THEAOLOGY - The study of the Goddess. Generally used by Pagans to refer to Pagan Theology. Compare to Theology which is literally the study of god.

THEBAN - One of the old magickal alphabets. It was first published by Barret in The Magus in the 1600's but I have seen a version that claims to date back to the mid- 1200.s. Any referances or evidence of this will be appreciated. Theban is unoficially considered to be the 'official' alphabet of Wicca.

THELEMA - Religious beliefs that are founded on magic within the Christian pantheon.

THELEMITE-- A follower of the magickal philosophies and practices of Aleister Crowley.

THEOLOGY-- The study of religion. Pagans use it to refer to the study of patriarchial religions like christianity. See Theaology.

THEOMANCY-- Divination by revelation of the spirit or by religious writings of the gods. Some referances state that this is 'pretending' to divine.

THERIOMANCY-- Divination by beasts or animals.

THEURGY-- 'High Magick' using mental disciplines to establish contact with divinity.

THEYN-- (Old English) A pagan Priest. Compare with Theowe.

THIRD EYE - The psychic eye, not physically visible, but mental. Located in the middle of the forehead.

THIRTEEN - The sacred number in Wicca. It relates to the number of Witches in a Traditional Coven or the aproximate number of Full Moons in a year.

THOUGHT FORM - A thought or desire that takes tangible shape and exists almost independently of it's creator. See familiar.

THREE-FOLD LAW - A Wiccan principle which originated from the teachings of Gerald Gardner. It states that any action made by a person will be returned them three times as powerfully, whether the action was good or bad. By this law, you are encouraged to do good things so that you will be rewarded later on with three times the benevolence, as opposed to bad things which result in thrice the consequence.

THREE-FOLD NATURE - This refers to the idea that each person or object is composed of three parts; the physical body, the mind and the soul.

THUMB SCREW - A device used by the Inquisition to induce a suspect to confess. In all of it's myriad variations, it resembled a small vice that was placed around the suspects thumb or finger (ten chances to confess). The crank was then turned so the vice would close and eventually crush the bones in the finger.

THURIBLE - A large wide incense holder, generally with a broad open top and no chains. Thuribles are usually left on the Altar. Compare with the censer which is similar but generally smaller and can be carried around the Circle. Also thuriable and turrible.

TINCTURE - An herbal infusion made with alcohol or apple cider vinegar.

TOAD - The toad was, like a cat, one of the traditional pets of a Witch. Although we in the 20th century find this distasteful, in reality the toad makes a good pet. It is loyal, friendly and eats bugs. Witches who had toads and cats around the house didn't suffer from the bubonic plague that exterminated the xians who were busy exterminating both the cat and toad.

TOOLS - The working implements of Wicca. They must be ritually made and cleansed before they can be used. The process of preparing Tools is so complex in Traditional Covens, that no one other than their owner is allowed to use them. Also, any misuse will invalidate the Tool, thus forcing the Witch to start over from square one.

TORGY - A form of goetic magick that calls only upon 'angels'. It is derived from the Key of Solomon. It is generally believed to be a form of magick that doesn't work and therefore, those who practice it are considered to be fools. Also turgy.

TORTURE - Any means of cooersion used by the authorities to force a false confession out of a suspect. If there are no bones broken, the confession was said to be 'without torture'.

TOTEM ANIMAL - A spirit guide in the form of an animal who chooses to accompany you. This tradition is derived from Native American spirituality.

TRADITIONS - any of the various "sects" of Wicca such as Gardnerian, Alexandrian, Georgian, Seax, etc.

TRANSMUTATION - The work of alchemy, changing base metals and elements into precious things.

TRANCE - A sleep-like state where the body processes slow and the mind is set free.

TRANSMIGRATION-- See Reincarnation.

TRANSVECTION - Levitation or astral projection.

TREE CALENDAR - Celtic system which recognizes 13 lunar months, each represented by a sacred tree.

TRILITHON - A gateway formed of two upright stones and capped by a stone lintel. They symbolize the doorway to another world.

TRIPLE GODDESS - The one Goddess that encompasses three aspects: the Maiden, The Mother and The Crone.

TROLL - 1) A person who joins a coven of Witches for the sole purpose of discovering their secrets for their own use.
2) A person who joins a coven for the purpose of causing trouble within that coven or the Craft.

TUATHEAL, TUATHAL - (Gaelic) See widdershins.

TUM - Inch.

TUMULUS - (Latin) 'To swell'. An archaic term for a Barrow.

TUNNEL OF LIGHT - That doorway into the Summerland that appears when you die. In most cases you can see it but for those who are afraid to die or who do not know that they are dead, the tunnel is behind them and therefore, unseen.

TUPHRAMANCY - Divination by ashes.

TURTLE POSITION - In Wicca a kneeling fetal position with the back bowed up. A sign of submission.

TRYOMANCY - Divination by the coagulation of cheese.

ULULATION - The part of an incantation or chant which demands full vocal force and volume.

UNCONSCIOUS - That part of the mind that remains hidden.

UNCASTING - See Closing.

UNCROSSING - A spell performed to break an evil spell or curse. Also uncrossing ritual.

UNCASTING - Opening the circle at the end of a ritual.

UNDINE - an "entity" or "elemental" that dwells in the plane of Water or is associated with the WATER Element.

UNICORN - Originally the old wild bull (bos primegensis) which was untamable and dangerous.

UNMANIFEST - The unknown source of existence, it is said that magicians take their power from the unmanifest to use it within the manifest.

VAMPIRISM - The practice of subsisting on the vitality of another. Commonly this is blood, other times it is life force (sapped psychically).

VARDLOKKER - (Iceland) One who can summon spirits. See Warlock.

VEGLIONE - (Italian) The Esbat.

VEIL OF UNKNOWING - The boundary between the manifest and the unmanifest.

VENENDUM - (Latin) See staff.

VERDIGRIS - Copper Sulfate. That green corrosion that appears when coppor ozidizes. Also called Zimat.

VIBRATING NAMES - To speak a name or a sound in such a manner that a magickal effect is produced. To do this properly requires the ability to speak and breathe from the belly instead of the lungs.

VIBRATIONS - The energy given off by a living or non-living thing. This energy can be detected and interpreted by a Witch or magickian or psychic.

VIRTUES - Magickal properties of objects like herbs, stones, and creatures as was assigned to them during their divine creation.

VISUALIZATION - To form a mental image of a situation that is perfect in every detail in such a manner that it is perceived by you as real. Or to remove from your perceptions something that isn't there.

VISION QUESTING - Using astral projection, bi-location, or dreamtime to accomplish a specific goal. Also called pathworking.

VISUALIZATION - 1. Forming clear mental images often used in magick to focus and direct energy to a visualized goal. 2. Imagining a scene, a person, or an object with intense clarity. This is often done through a meditation with a written "visualization journey" which allows the practitioner to enter an imagined place to make personal discoveries.

VOODOO/VODOU - Polytheistic religion derived from worship of gods in African and the beliefs of Catholicism. Practiced mainly by the West Indians.

WAER LOGGA - (Old English) One who breaks a covenant. See Warlock.

WALPURGIS NIGHT - See Beltane.

WAND - A rod or staff that is prepared so that it may be used for magickal or psychic purposes, usually to project some form of power.

WANING - The cycle where the year or day or month is growing shorter such as the year from the Summer Solstice to the Winter Solstice. This is a time of introspection, rest, and gathering within your rewards of your actions.

WANING MOON - The phase of the Moon as She travels from Full to New. In magick, it is a time of destructive spells like cursing to death a cancer tumor or selling my car.

WARD - A protection spell.

WARLOCK - a term coined in the Burning Times . It was used to denote a traitor to the Craft, or one who had betrayed the followers of the Old Religion. It's origin is Scottish. Because of the negative connotations, it is not used by most Wiccans today.

WATCHER - A familiar or Mighty One.

WATCHTOWERS - Originally from the Enochian branch of Ceremonial Magick, now incorporated into many "Traditions" of Wicca, these are the four elemental "directions" or "quarters" (corresponding to the appropriate points on the compass) called to protect the Circle during its establishment. Each of them have a correspondence between the compass point, an element, and (varying amongst different traditions) color associated with them.

WATER - One of the basic elements. It is liquid, and is related to the west.

WAX DOLLS - A poppet made of wax or parrafin to be used as an object link tothe target of a spell.

WAXING - The lunar phase when the moon is getting "larger" (nearing the full moon). This is the time when magick that involves growth and bringing things to you is best performed. Opposite of waning.

WAXING MOON - The phase of the Moon as She travels from New to Full. In macick this is a time of constructive magick like healing a broken bone or attracting a buyer for my car.

WEBWEAVING - Networking with other magickal people through conversation, in writing, or by computer to gather information to mutually assist each party in their studies and life goals.

WHEEL OF THE YEAR - One full cycle of the seasonal year, beginning with the Samhain celebration.

WHITE HANDLED KNIFE - the working knife of a Witch. It is used to carve candles, and for fashioning the other tools. Traditionally, it can only be used in a Circle.

WICCA - the name most modern day Witches use for the Craft. It comes from the Anglo-Saxon word Wicce, meaning to bend or to shape. This is the root word from which we get wicker.

WICCAN - 1. A person who follows or practices Wicca. 2. Something related to Wicca.

WICCAN REDE - The major moral law of the Wiccan religion. It goes:
      "AN IT HARM NONE, DO WHAT THOU WILT."

WICCANING - A baptism of a Wiccan child where the child is presented to the God and Goddess for Their blessings and where the Witches in attendance give to the child a gift (generally with a spell to make it come true) such as the gift of beauty or laughter or wisdom.

WICKER MAN - According to a couple of Roman writers (Tacitus and Caesar) the Druids performed human sacrifies by placing people in giant wicker cages formed in human shape and then set them afire, allowing the victims to roast slowly as a sacrifice to the Gods.

WIDDERSHINS - counter clock wise. Used for "tearing down" OR BANISHING magick.

WIGLIAN - (Saxon) Divining by the Moon.

WILD HUNT - (Wicca) At Samhain, the Horned God travels the land searching for the souls of the recent dead. As this is a time between the worlds and outside of time, He sometimes gets carried away and neglects to differentiate between the living and dead souls. Thus, when you hear Him blow His horn and the baying of His hounds, it is best to take precautions against an accident. Some Witches reenact the Wild Hunt in the Winter as a Divine Play to remember our ties to the Gods.

WILLENDORF VENUS - One of the oldest Goddess images found. She was carved in Central Europe about 32,000 years ago.

WINTER SOLSTICE - See Yule

WISE WOMAN - A solitary female practitioner of witchcraft who gave charms and healing salves to villagers in Europe.

WITA - Scottish Wicca. See also Pecti-Wita.

WITCH - A practitioner of witchcraft. There are many types and traditions of witches. A witch is not necessarily a Wiccan, though if a Wiccan practices witchcraft they can be called a witch.

WITCH BALL - An 18th century tradition; a glass sphere hung in windows to ward off evil spirits. This is where the Christian concept of the Christmas tree ornament came from.

WITCH BOTTLE - A small bottle filled with broken glass, bent nails and other damaged bits of material which can cut and pierce. They are a protective spell which is often sealed into the walls of a house or buried under the poarch or hearth to absorb evil. If s curse is suspected, they will also be filled with urine and destroyed in a specific manner to reverse the curse. The proper term for them is bellarmie jar.

WITCHCRAFT - The practice of spells and magick, often involving the worship of many deities or a supreme God and/or Goddess.

WITCHING HOUR - Midnight or the time exactly halfway between sunset and sunrise which varies according to the season. Witches believe that it is a time of the greatest power that can be tapped to do magick. To find the exact time requires a bit of mathematical calculations and a good newspaper with a weather sextion.

WITCH KING - In Gardnerian Wicca, the consort and working partner of a Witch Queen.
It is a purely honorary title and is retained only as long as that man works with the Queen. Some Traditions, however, treat the Witch King as a separate entity with all the respect of the Witch Queen. See Magus.

WITCH QUEEN - A term of reverence to denote a High Priestess who has Initiated people who have been Elevated to the Third Degree and have branched off from their original Coven to form Covens of their Own. Generally, as Traditional Witches take years to work themselves from Prospect to Third Degree High Priest/ess, it is clear that few Witch Queens will be young.

WITTA - Irish Wicca.

WIZARD - A name for male ceremonial magicians, rarely used for Wiccans unless they are eclectic and use ceremonial magick as well.

WORD OF POWER - A word or name which is supposed to have great power when spoken, most are almost impossible to pronounce and have no meaning in any language.

WORK - A term meaning any magickal operation done by a Witch or Coven.

WORKING - As in MAGICKAL WORKING. The process of using magick to reach a desired positive goal.

WORKING PARTNERS - In Traditional Wicca, a male and a female Witch who worship and practice magick together for the purpose of sharing polarity and therefore become greater than either alone. There is a trend to allowing male-male or female-female working partners simply because gays are doing it and no ne can give a real good reason for them to stop which anyone will obey.

WORKSHOPS - A short, intensive class in a subject designed to teach the basics of a subject. Generally they are a hands-on class where you learn by doing and hopefully, to encourage you to study further.

WORT  - An archaic word for herb.

WORTCUNNING - The use of herbs in magick.

WRATH - A thoughtform .

WYRD - A saxon word that is pronounced 'word'. It means Fate, fortune, or luck. It is similar to the Three Fates of Greek Mythology.

YGGDRASIL - The Norse tree which held up the world and the heavens; its roots led to the underworld. It provided the complex network of the universe.

YIN/YANG - The twin poles of energy. The yin/yang concept if one system of viewing the universal energies. Yin coorresponds to Receptive Energy and yang to Projective Energy.

YULE - The Sabbat celebrated on the Winter Solstice, the shortest day of the year. In some traditions it celebrates the birth of the God and in others, the coming birth.

YULE LOG - The traditional log burned at Christmas ceremonies which most likely came from a pagan tradition for Yule celebration.

ZIMAT - That green corrosion that appears when copper oxidizes. Also called verdegris or copper oxide.